Role and challenges

The Commission Nationale d'Evaluation CNE2, was established by the Law of 28 June 2006. The Board is responsible for assessing on an annual basis the progress made in research into the management of radioactive materials and waste. This assessment also looks at research conducted abroad. The assessment results in an annual report being submitted to the Parliament which it then brings before the Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices(OPECST ). The report is then published.

The Law of 28 June 2006 relates to the sustainable management of all radioactive materials and waste with particular attention paid to long-lived, high-level waste.

To ensure management of long-lived, high-level and intermediate-level radioactive waste, research into this waste has three complementary focuses:

1. Partitioning-transmutation of long-lived radioactive elements. The corresponding research is conducted in relation to that carried out on the new generations of nuclear reactors and accelerator-driven reactors dedicated to transmutation of waste.

2. Reversible disposal in deep geographical formations. The research is conducted in preparation for choosing a site and designing a storage centre so that, in light of the findings of the studies, the application for authorisation may be examined in 2015 and, subject to this authorisation, the centre may enter operation in 2025.

 

3. Storage. The corresponding research is conducted with a view to creating, by 2015, new storage facilities or modifying existing facilities, to meet the needs, particularly in terms of capacity and duration, listed by the ‘National Plan for the management of radioactive materials and waste’ (PNGMDR).

 

The particular situation of the Board, independent of the institutions, was requested by the legislator in order to ensure comprehensive assessment of French research into radioactive waste, as there are many stakeholders involved (AndraCEA,CNRSIRSN, R&D of industrialists, university laboratories, etc.).

The role of the Board is to assess whether the scientific and technical content of the programmes, as well as their  general consistency, are in keeping with the challenges defined by the Law.

The Board established by the Law of 28 June 2006 is known as CNE2, by way of an extension of the Board, known as CNE1, established by the Law of 31 December 1991 (see Background).